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新课标高中英语课文词汇语法详解全集必修二Unit1(1)【LOL外围竞猜APP】

发布时间:2021-09-26 19:21浏览次数:
本文摘要:新课标英语课文全析全解必修2Unit1第1讲必修1 Unit 2 English around the world新课标英语必修1 Unit 2高频易错考点·梳理·点拨·剖析(1)●重点单词要点梳理高效备考夯实基础1.official adj.官方的;正式的;公务的→office n.办公室→officer n.官员2.voyage n.航行;航海3.native adj.本国的;当地的 n.当地人;本国人4.actually adv.实际上;事实上5.base vt.以…

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新课标英语课文全析全解必修2Unit1第1讲必修1 Unit 2 English around the world新课标英语必修1 Unit 2高频易错考点·梳理·点拨·剖析(1)●重点单词要点梳理高效备考夯实基础1.official adj.官方的;正式的;公务的→office n.办公室→officer n.官员2.voyage n.航行;航海3.native adj.本国的;当地的 n.当地人;本国人4.actually adv.实际上;事实上5.base vt.以……为凭据n.基部;基地;基础→basic adj.基本的;基础的6.gradual adj.逐渐的,逐步的→gradually adv.逐渐地,逐步地7.identity n.自己;本体;身份→identical adj.相同的,一样的→identify v.确定;认出;判定8.fluent adj.流利的;流通的→fluently adv.流利地,流通地→fluency n.流利,流通9.frequent adj.频繁的;常见的→frequently adv.经常;频繁地→frequency n.频率;频度10.usage n.使用;用法;词语习用法→useful adj.有用的→use n. & v.使用,使用11.command n. & vt.下令;指令;掌握→commander n.指挥员,司令员12.request n.& vt.请求;要求13.expression n.词语;表现;表达→express v.表达→expressive adj.富于心情的;有体现力的14.recognize vt.辨认出;认可;公认→recognizable adj.容易认出的;易于识此外→recognition n.认出;认识;识别15.accent n.口音;腔调;重音16.lightning n.闪电17.straight adv.直接地;挺直地 adj.直的;笔直的;正直的●单元词汇表随身携带●高频短语 基础必备1.ever before 从前2.even if/though 纵然3.be based on 以……为基础4.over time 恒久以来5.because of 由于;因为6.at present 现在;现在7.make use of 使用8.such as 例如……;像这种的9.play a part in 饰演一个角色;到场10.in the early days 在早期11.the same as 相同于●语法考点重点句型1.Today, more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before.如今说英语的人比以往任何时候都多,他们有的把英语作为第一语言来说,有的把它作为第二语言或外语。2.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.以英语为母语的人,纵然他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相互交流。3.Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么尺度英语。●考点探究 知识储蓄 能力提升一、词汇拓展夯实基础1.base vt.以……为凭据 n.基部;基地;基础①base sth. on/upon sth.以……为基础(或凭据)②base sb./sth./oneself in以……为据点(或总部等),把(总部等)设在③the base of a column/glass /pyramid柱基/玻璃杯底/金字塔底座④a military/naval base军事/水师基地base词汇拓展辨析:be based on “以……为凭据”,主动语态是 base A on B如①Most funny stories are based on comic situations.②We must base our ideas on scientific experiments.我们的想法必须建设在科学实验的基础上。

(base A on B)③You should base your opinion on facts.你的意见都要以事实为凭据。(base A on B)[明白为王,先学后练]①What are you ______ this theory ______?你这种理论的凭据是什么?②They decided to ____the new company ___Nanjing.他们决议将新建立的公司总部设在南京。③The town is an ideal ______ for touring the area.这个镇子是在这一地域旅游旅行的理想所在。

①basing,on②base,in③base2.nativen.当地人;当地人;出生于某国(或某地)的人;原生;本国的;本土的;复数:nativesnative adj.出生地的;天赋的;儿时居住地的;当地的;当地的1.出生地的;儿时居住地的connected with the place where you were born and lived for the first years of your life2.当地的;当地的connected with the place where you have always lived or have lived for a long time3.土著的;土著人的connected with the people who originally lived in a country before other people, especially white people, came there4.native (to…) 原产于某地的;土产的;当地的existing naturally in a place5.天赋的;与生俱来的that you have naturally without having to learn it习习用语IDMgo native入乡随俗;同化to try to live and behave like the local peoplebe native to... 原产于某地one’s native country/land 本国,祖国native place 出生地one’s native language 本国语,本族语,母语a native of 当地人/产于……的动/植物[研学实练]①China is our_____,and Chinese is our ______.中国是我们的祖国,汉语是我们的母语。②The monkey ______Yunnan.这种猴子产于云南。③He is __________ New York.他是纽约人。

①native country, native language②is native to③a native of3.command n.[C]下令;指令[U]掌握;vt. & vi.下令;指挥;支配at one’s command随心所欲地at/by one’s command奉某人之命in command of指挥;统帅under one’s command由……指挥take command of担任……的指挥have a good command of很好地掌握command sb. to do sth.下令某人做某事command that...(should) do...下令……[研学实练3]①The army is _______ _______.军队由国王直接统率。②She___the French language. 她醒目德语。

③She commanded us ________ immediately.=He commanded that we ______ immediately.她下令我们马上脱离。①under the king’s, command②has a good command of③to leave,should leave4.request n. & vt. 请求,要求request sth. of/from sb.向某人请求某物request sb. to do sth.请求某人做某事request that sb. (should) do sth.请求……It’s requested that...据要求……at one’s requestat the request of sb.应某人之请求be in request有需要,受接待make a request for sth.请求,要求……[研学后练](1) Visitors are requested ______ the paintings.游客不许动油画。(2)She ________ some water.她请求给点水。

(3)May I ______ your attention?请你们注意一下好吗?(4)I request (of him) that he ___________.我要求他脱离。(5)These materials are ________ ________.急需这些质料。①not to touch②Made a request for③request④should leave⑤in great request5.recognize vt. 辨认出;认可recognition n.认出,识别recognizable adj.可认出的 recognized adj.公认的recognize sb. /sth. by /from...凭据……认出某人/事(物)recognize sb./sth. as/to be...认可某人(物)是……It’s recognized that...人们公认……out of/beyond recognition认不出来[研学后练]①_______ environment pollution has become one of the most serious problems.人们一致认为情况污染已经成了最严重的问题之一。

②Her novel ______ eventually ______ _____ (______ ____) a work of genius.她的小说最后被认为是天才的作品。③I _______ Mary ______ her voice on the phone.我在电话中凭据声音辨认出是玛丽。①It is recognized that②was recognized as (to be)③recognized,by6.because of因为,由于because of是介词短语,后跟名词、代词或动名词。because是连词,后跟随句。

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[牢固提高]①She was absent not _____ her illness, but ____ her mother died.她缺席不是因为她生病,而是因为她妈妈去世了。I②It was ______ that he had gone abroad.是为了她他才出国的。①because of,because②because of her③We didn't realize that she was crying because of _____.我们没有意识到她哭是因为我们说的那些话的缘故。

④Because of ______, I said nothing about her mistake.因为她丈夫在场,对她的错误我就没说什么。③what we had said④her husband’s being there近义词语辨析because/as/since/for①because表现直接原因,语气最强。回覆why提出的问题只能用because。

在强调句型中,也只能用because。②as用于解释做某事的原因,语气较弱,通常位于主句前。

③since表现的原因是指人们已知的事实,常意为“既然”。语气比because弱,但比as强。通常位于主句前,并常与as换用。④for并列连词,毗连并列分句,表现一种增补说明,是推测或判断的理由,语气较弱,不行位于主句前。

有时可表现直接原因,相当于because。语法填空①People crowded on the road and could not go forward_______ the traffic accident two cars had made.A. with B. sinceC. because of D. because①点拨剖析:选C。考察表现“原因”的几个词的 用法。since与because都是连词,毗连句子,with表现原因时,前面多是形容词。

又如: His face was red with cold.他的脸冻得通红。because of为介词短语,后跟名词或动名词短语,故选C。7.come up走近;(植物)长出地面;(太阳)升起;泛起;被提及①come up=appear above the soil; begin to grow露出地面,发芽②come up=come forward走近;遇上;上来③come up=rise; come to a higher place(esp. the sun, the moon)(太阳、月亮)升起④come up=be brought up for discussion; be mentioned被提出讨论,被谈到;引起注意come up=occur/happen(尤指意想不到地)发生⑥come up=present oneself出席,到场,加入[牢固提高] 说出下列各句中come up的意思。

①I’ll let you know if anything comes up._______②I came up for an interview but didn’t get the job.________③Your question came up at the meeting._________④The sky was dark blue and clear when the moon came up. _______⑤The young tree has come up. ______①发生;② 加入 ③;被提出讨论; ④升起; ⑤发芽词汇拓展学霸专享:come up with想出;提出come across偶遇;偶然发现(=come upon)come along一道来;一起去;进步;赶忙come back回来;记起come on(风、雨等)到来;演出;赶忙;加油;得了吧come out出书;出来,泛起;效果是come to苏醒;总计;到达;谈到come about 发生关于...; (风等)改变偏向; 转帆, 转航向come after 随着...来, 跟在...后面 来取, 寻找; 争取 追赶 继续come again 再说一遍 (从昏厥中)清醒过来 [方]死后现形come alive 活跃起来; 显得象真的似的come along 一起来, 一道走; 同意, 赞成come and go 来来往往; 作短暂会见; 变化不定come and go upon 信赖, 信任; 有行动自由come apart 裂开; 破裂; 垮下来, 瓦解come at 攻击, 扑向; 到达; 获得come away 脱开; 断开; 脱离, 发芽, 生长come away none the wiser 效果还是一点也不明确而归come between 在...中间; 离间; 使离开; 故障某人做某事come by 弄到, 获得 偶然搞到, 偶然获得 经由, 从旁边已往 [美方]来串门, 造访come clean 全盘招供, 坦白交接; 修完课程(大学结业)come down on 向...索取(钱等); 申斥, 严厉处罚; 强烈阻挡come down to 下垂到, 到达; 流传下来, 可归结为; 屈尊; 被迫come down with [口]出钱; 得(病), 付款come for 为某种目的而来取; 来接; 向...冲来; 对...举行袭击come forth 出来; 涌现; 被宣布; 出世come forward 被提出; 自愿效劳; 主动响应;come in for 获得; 领取(份儿); 受到(处分); 吸引; 适用于, 对...有用come in handy 未来(可能)有用come in on 到场, 到场come in upon 到场, 到场come it 拿出钱来; 泄密; (拳击)示弱; 卖弄; 吹牛; 获得乐成come it over 胜过, 骗过, 对...摆威风come near 不差于,不劣于, 不亚于, 及得上; 险些, 差一点就come of 来自...; 由...引起; 是...的效果; 是在...生长大的come off (从...)脱离, 走开 从...跌下, 从...下来 分散, 脱落,实现, 乐成, 有效果 体现(好、坏), (事情)希望得 逃脱, 竣事, 挣脱come off it [口]别装蒜了, 别胡诌[厮闹, 吹牛]了, 别骗人了come off well 运气好,幸运到来, 走运, (事情)有满足的效果come off with 揭晓(言论), 宣布come upon =come across偶然遇见(某人), 无意中发现(某物) 来临, 袭来 (雨、雪等)开始下8.make use of使用;使用make full use of充实使用make the best use of只管使用make good use of好好使用,合理使用make little use of没有很好地使用①We should ______every minute to learn well.我们应该充实使用每一分钟好勤学习。②Our company _______ AI.我们公司正越来越多地使用人工智能。①make good use of②is making increasing use of拓展拔高:be of great use很有用go out of use不被使用,废弃come into use开始被使用be in use在使用中bring/put...to use加以使用9.play a role/part in在……中担任角色;在……中起作用play an important role/part in在……方面起重要作用play the role of sb.=play/act the part of sb.(在剧中)饰演某人的角色play the leading role起主要(带头)作用[牢固提高]①He will ______ the doctor in my latest drama.他将在我最新的戏里出演医生的角色。

②Science and technology _____ ______ developing agriculture.科技在生长农业中起重要作用。①play/act the role/part of②plays an important role/part in特别注意: Science and technology 作主语是看作一个整体,而不是两个并列名词,所以一般现在时态的谓语动词一定要用第三人称单数形式。


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